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英語冠詞到底怎么用?不定冠詞與定冠詞辨析歸納?。?!
英語 來源:網絡 編輯:小新 2017-11-01 11:57:31

  英語冠詞到底怎么用?何時該加冠詞?何時該加不定冠詞?很多同學在學習英語的過程中是不是都有過這樣的困惑呀,不用擔心,今天,秦學教育小編就帶大家系統梳理冠詞與不定冠詞的用法,后附高考真題哦,希望各位同學能認真學習本篇內容!!!

英語冠詞到底怎么用?不定冠詞與定冠詞辨析歸納?。?!

  不定冠詞與定冠詞辨析歸納

  表示樂器的名詞前一般用定冠詞the,但前面如果出現定語修飾,也可能用不定冠詞a,an。例如:

  He starts his day by playing the violin

  He is playing a borrowed violin

  表示語言的名詞前一般不用冠詞,但后面如果出現language一詞,前面需加定冠詞the。例如:

  English=the English language; French=the French language

  介詞與表示交通工具的名詞連用表示籠統的方式,前面一般不用冠詞,但如果名詞的前面出現了修飾語,前面需加冠詞。例如:

  He went to the station by car.

  He went to the station in a black car/in his car.

  turn用作系動詞時,后面作表語的單數名詞前不用冠詞。例如:

  He turned writer many years later.

  He became a writer many years later.

  表示世界上獨一無二的事物的名詞前一般加定冠詞the;但如果名詞前有修飾語,也可能用不定冠詞a,an。例如:

  the world,a peaceful world,the moon,a bright moon

  表示一日三餐的名詞前面一般不用冠詞,但前面如果有定語修飾,也可能用不定冠詞a,an。例如:

  Have you had supper?

  We had a wonderful supper.

  特別提示注意下面三種情況:

 ?、倨磳懸暂o音字母開頭卻發元音音素的單詞用an;例如以下單詞:hour,honest,honor等。

 ?、谠谝韵掠⑽淖帜盖坝胊n:a,e,j,o,f,h,l,m,n,r,s,x。因為這12個字母是以元音音素開頭的。例如:You have dropped an“m”in the word climb.

 ?、燮磳懸栽糇帜搁_頭,拼讀卻以輔音音素開頭的單詞用a,例如以下單詞:useful,university,usual,European,united,one-eyed,one-way等。

  幾組詞辨析

 ?、賗n hospital住院 in the hospital在醫院

 ?、趇n prison在坐牢 in the prison在監獄

 ?、踚n front of在……前面 in the front of在……前部

 ?、躡y bus乘公共汽車 in a bus坐在公共汽車里

 ?、輆t table在吃飯 at the table在餐桌旁#p#副標題#e#

 ?、辤n charge of負責 in the charge of由……負責

 ?、遫ut of question不成問題 out of the question不可能

 ?、鄃o to church去做禮拜 go to the church到教堂去

 ?、醫ake place發生 take the place (of)代替

 ?、鈇t sea在海上航行 at the sea在海邊

 

  高考真題

  (1) After a hour or so we began to feel very frightened. (a 改為 an,因 hour 讀音以元音開頭) (全國卷)

  (2) I decided to climb the tree to see where we were. (the 改為 a,因此處并非特指,而是泛指) (全國卷)

  (2) Some people read the books or watch television while others have sports. (去掉 the,因這里的 books 表泛指,不表特指) (全國卷)

  (3) Good health is person’s most valuable possession. (person’s 前加 a,這里的 a 表泛指) (全國卷)

  (4) Modern people know more about the health, have better food, and live in clearer surroundings. (去掉 the,因health 表泛指) (全國卷)

  (5) There is public library in every town in Britain. (public library 前加 a,因這里的 public library 是單數可數名詞表泛指,故在其前用 a) (全國卷)

  (6) Maybe you could come during a winter holidays. (a 改為 the,因從含義上看,此處的 winter holidays 屬特指或者是談話雙方都知道的) (全國卷)

  (7) Today I visited the Smiths — my first visit to a American family. (a 改為 an,因 American 的讀音以元音開頭) (全國卷)

  (8) Each player must obey captain, who is the leader of the team. (captain 前加冠詞 the,captain 為特指) (全國卷)

  (9) Some wanted to see the programme while others preferred another. (the 改為 one,one 與下一行的 another 構成“一個……另一個”) (全國卷)

  (10) I’ll take this chance to wish you wonderful time on your birthday. (wonderful 前加 a,該表達與 have a good time 類似,其中的 a 不可省) (北京春季卷)

  (11) Suddenly, I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd. (去掉 a,catch sight of 是習語,意為“看見、瞥見”) (全國卷)

  (12) For example, when I was a child, the rain was a mystery(奧秘). (去掉 the,rain 在此泛指) (北京春季卷)

  (13) We may be one family and live under a same roof. (a 改為 the,因 same 前應用定冠詞) (全國卷)

  (14) As everyone knows, it’s famous mountain with all kinds of plants and animals.(在 famous 前加 a,注意 mountain 是單數可數名詞) (全國卷)

  (15) My teacher advised me to keep my diary. (my diary 改為 a diary,keep a diary 意為“寫日記”) (全國卷)

 
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